Oscar 1957

ACTOR
Marlon BrandoSayonara {“Major Lloyd Gruver”}
Anthony FranciosaA Hatful of Rain {“Polo”}
* Alec GuinnessThe Bridge on the River Kwai {“Colonel Nicholson”}
Charles LaughtonWitness for the Prosecution {“Sir Wilfrid Robarts”}
Anthony Quinn — Wild Is the Wind {“Gino”}

ACTOR IN A SUPPORTING ROLE
* Red ButtonsSayonara {“Joe Kelly”}
Vittorio De Sica — A Farewell to Arms {“Major Alessandro Rinaldi”}
Sessue HayakawaThe Bridge on the River Kwai {“Saito”}
Arthur KennedyPeyton Place {“Lucas Cross”}
Russ TamblynPeyton Place {“Norman Page”}

ACTRESS
Deborah KerrHeaven Knows, Mr. Allison {“Sister Angela”}
Anna Magnani — Wild Is the Wind {“Gioia”}
Elizabeth TaylorRaintree County {“Susanna Drake”}
Lana TurnerPeyton Place {“Constance MacKenzie”}
* Joanne WoodwardThe Three Faces of Eve {“Eve White/Eve Black/Jane”}

ACTRESS IN A SUPPORTING ROLE
Carolyn Jones — The Bachelor Party {“The Existentialist”}
Elsa LanchesterWitness for the Prosecution {“Miss Plimsoll”}
Hope LangePeyton Place {“Selena Cross”}
* Miyoshi UmekiSayonara {“Katsumi”}
Diane VarsiPeyton Place {“Allison MacKenzie”}

ART DIRECTION
Funny Face — Art Direction: Hal Pereira, George W. Davis; Set Decoration: Sam Comer, Ray Moyer
Les Girls — Art Direction: William A. Horning, Gene Allen; Set Decoration: Edwin B. Willis, Richard Pefferle
Pal Joey — Art Direction: Walter Holscher; Set Decoration: William Kiernan, Louis Diage
Raintree County — Art Direction: William A. Horning, Urie McCleary; Set Decoration: Edwin B. Willis, Hugh Hunt
* Sayonara — Art Direction: Ted Haworth; Set Decoration: Robert Priestley

CINEMATOGRAPHY
An Affair to Remember — Milton Krasner
* The Bridge on the River Kwai — Jack Hildyard
Funny Face — Ray June
Peyton Place — William Mellor
Sayonara — Ellsworth Fredricks

COSTUME DESIGN
An Affair to Remember — Charles LeMaire
Funny Face — Edith Head, Hubert de Givenchy
* Les Girls — Orry-Kelly
Pal Joey — Jean Louis
Raintree County — Walter Plunkett

DIRECTING
* The Bridge on the River Kwai — David Lean
Peyton Place — Mark Robson
Sayonara — Joshua Logan
12 Angry Men — Sidney Lumet
Witness for the Prosecution — Billy Wilder

DOCUMENTARY (Feature)
* Albert Schweitzer — Jerome Hill, Producer
On the Bowery — Lionel Rogosin, Producer
Torero! — Manuel Barbachano Ponce, Producer

FILM EDITING
* The Bridge on the River Kwai — Peter Taylor
Gunfight at the O.K. Corral — Warren Low
Pal Joey — Viola Lawrence, Jerome Thoms
Sayonara — Arthur P. Schmidt, Philip W. Anderson
Witness for the Prosecution — Daniel Mandell

FOREIGN LANGUAGE FILM
The Devil Came at Night — West Germany
Gates of Paris — France
Mother India — India
* The Nights of Cabiria — Italy
Nine Lives — Norway

MUSIC (Scoring)
An Affair to Remember — Hugo Friedhofer
Boy on a Dolphin — Hugo Friedhofer
* The Bridge on the River Kwai — Malcolm Arnold
Perri — Paul Smith
Raintree County — Johnny Green

MUSIC (Song)
“An Affair To Remember” from An Affair to Remember — Music by Harry Warren; Lyrics by Harold Adamson and Leo McCarey
* “All The Way” from The Joker Is Wild — Music by James Van Heusen; Lyrics by Sammy Cahn
“April Love” from April Love — Music by Sammy Fain; Lyrics by Paul Francis Webster
“Tammy” from Tammy and the Bachelor — Music and Lyrics by Ray Evans and Jay Livingston
“Wild Is The Wind” from Wild Is the Wind — Music by Dimitri Tiomkin; Lyrics by Ned Washington

BEST MOTION PICTURE
* The Bridge on the River Kwai — Sam Spiegel, Producer
Peyton Place — Jerry Wald, Producer
Sayonara — William Goetz, Producer
12 Angry Men — Henry Fonda and Reginald Rose, Producers
Witness for the Prosecution — Arthur Hornblow, Jr., Producer

SHORT SUBJECT (Cartoon)
* Birds Anonymous — Edward Selzer, Producer
One Droopy Knight — William Hanna and Joseph Barbera, Producers
Tabasco Road — Edward Selzer, Producer
Trees and Jamaica Daddy — Stephen Bosustow, Producer
The Truth about Mother Goose — Walt Disney, Producer

SHORT SUBJECT (Live Action)
A Chairy Tale — Norman McLaren, Producer
City of Gold — Tom Daly, Producer
Foothold on Antarctica — James Carr, Producer
Portugal — Ben Sharpsteen, Producer
* The Wetback Hound — Larry Lansburgh, Producer

SOUND RECORDING
Gunfight at the O.K. Corral — Paramount Studio Sound Department, George Dutton, Sound Director
Les Girls — Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studio Sound Department, Dr. Wesley C. Miller, Sound Director
Pal Joey — Columbia Studio Sound Department, John P. Livadary, Sound Director
* Sayonara — Warner Bros. Studio Sound Department, George Groves, Sound Director
Witness for the Prosecution — Samuel Goldwyn Studio Sound Department, Gordon E. Sawyer, Sound Director

SPECIAL EFFECTS
* The Enemy Below — Audible Effects by Walter Rossi
The Spirit of St. Louis — Visual Effects by Louis Lichtenfield

WRITING (Screenplay–based on material from another medium)
* The Bridge on the River Kwai — Michael Wilson, Carl Foreman, Pierre Boulle
[NOTE: Though Pierre Boulle received official screen credit, it was commonly known that blacklisted writers, Michael Wilson and Carl Foreman, wrote the screenplay based on Mr. Boulle’s novel (translated from the French). The Board of Governors, on December 11, 1984, voted posthumous Oscars to Wilson and Foreman and Academy records have been updated.]
Heaven Knows, Mr. Allison — John Lee Mahin, John Huston
Peyton Place — John Michael Hayes
Sayonara — Paul Osborn
12 Angry Men — Reginald Rose

WRITING (Story and Screenplay–written directly for the screen)
* Designing Woman — George Wells
Funny Face — Leonard Gershe
Man of a Thousand Faces — Story by Ralph Wheelwright; Screenplay by R. Wright Campbell, Ivan Goff, Ben Roberts
The Tin Star — Story by Barney Slater, Joel Kane; Screenplay by Dudley Nichols
Vitelloni — Story by Federico Fellini, Ennio Flaiano, Tullio Pinelli; Screenplay by Federico Fellini, Ennio Flaiano

JEAN HERSHOLT HUMANITARIAN AWARD
Samuel Goldwyn

HONORARY AWARD
To Charles Brackett for outstanding service to the Academy.
To B.B. Kahane for distinguished service to the motion picture industry.
To Gilbert M. (“Broncho Billy”) Anderson, motion picture pioneer, for his contributions to the development of motion pictures as entertainment.
To The Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers for their contributions to the advancement of the motion picture industry.

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